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What are some of the most common types of mold found inside buildings?



There are many different types of mold that can be found in homes and other buildings, but some of the most common that produce toxic mycotoxins include:

  • Aspergillus: This is a common indoor mold that can be found on a variety of surfaces, such as wallpaper, insulation, and food. Some species of Aspergillus can produce aflatoxins, a type of mycotoxin that is a potent carcinogen.

  • Penicillium: This is a common indoor mold that can be found on food, wallpaper, and insulation. It produces patulin, a type of mycotoxin.

  • Stachybotrys (black mold): This is a type of mold that can be found in damp or flooded areas, such as bathrooms, basements, and attics. It can grow on a variety of surfaces, including wood, drywall, and insulation. It is known for its characteristic black color and is considered to be one of the most toxic molds. It produces tricothecenes, a type of mycotoxin.

  • Fusarium: This is a type of mold that can be found both indoors and outdoors. It can grow on a variety of surfaces and materials, including wood, drywall, carpet, insulation, and wallpaper. It is particularly common in damp or flooded areas, such as bathrooms, basements, and attics. Fusarium can also grow on other indoor materials like textiles, such as carpet or upholstery, and on food. It produces fumonisins, a type of mycotoxin.

It is important to note that mold can grow anywhere there is moisture, so it's essential to keep your home well-ventilated and to address any leaks or water damage as soon as possible.

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